Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana (PMJDY) is a flagship financial inclusion scheme of the Government of India launched in August 2014. The primary objective of this scheme is to ensure that every household in India has access to a bank account and other financial services. The scheme is aimed at bringing the unbanked population into the formal financial system, ensuring financial inclusion, and enabling easy access to financial services.
Under the Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana, individuals can open a bank account with zero balance and avail of various benefits, including a RuPay debit card, accidental insurance cover, overdraft facility, and life insurance cover. The scheme is available to all citizens of India and is targeted towards the financially excluded and underprivileged sections of the society.
One of the significant achievements of PMJDY is the expansion of banking facilities across the country, especially in the rural areas. As of January 2022, over 43 crore bank accounts have been opened under the scheme, with a total balance of over INR 1.56 lakh crore.
Apart from providing banking facilities, the Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana has also facilitated direct transfer of subsidies and benefits under various government schemes to the beneficiaries' bank accounts. This has helped in eliminating leakages and delays in the delivery of welfare benefits, and ensuring that the benefits reach the intended beneficiaries directly.
The scheme has also played a crucial role in promoting financial literacy and awareness among the population, especially in the rural areas. The RuPay debit card provided under the scheme can be used to make cashless transactions, and the overdraft facility has helped in providing credit to the unbanked population.
In conclusion, the Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana is a landmark scheme aimed at ensuring financial inclusion for every citizen of India. The scheme has played a significant role in expanding banking facilities, promoting financial literacy, and facilitating direct transfer of benefits to the beneficiaries. The scheme has not only improved the living standards of the financially excluded sections of the society but has also contributed to the overall growth and development of the country.