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Is CSR Mandatory for Indian Companies? An In-Depth Look

Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) is a critical aspect of corporate governance that focuses on creating a sustainable and socially responsible business. India is one of the countries that have implemented mandatory CSR guidelines for companies operating within its borders. In this blog post, we will take a detailed look at CSR in India and analyze whether it is mandatory for companies to undertake CSR activities.

What is Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) in India?

CSR in India refers to the social responsibility that companies have to work towards sustainable development while ensuring the well-being of their community. In 2013, the Indian government enacted the Companies Act, which made it mandatory for companies that meet specific criteria to spend 2% of their net profits towards CSR activities. These activities should be related to education, healthcare, poverty alleviation, and environmental sustainability, among others.

How does CSR work in India?

CSR in India is regulated by the Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA). Companies that meet the criteria must set up a CSR committee, consisting of three or more directors, to oversee the CSR initiatives. The CSR committee formulates the CSR policy, approves CSR activities, and monitors progress. Furthermore, the company must disclose its CSR activities and spend in its annual report.

When Did CSR Start in India?

The CSR concept was introduced in India in 2013 when the Companies Act was amended to make it mandatory for companies to contribute a portion of their profits towards social welfare activities. The act requires companies with a net worth of at least Rs. 500 crores, a turnover of at least Rs. 1,000 crores, or a net profit of at least Rs. 5 crores to comply with CSR guidelines.

Where Can CSR Funds Be Used?

CSR funds must be used within India and can support various activities that promote social welfare, community development, and sustainable development. CSR activities can include building schools, providing healthcare facilities, promoting environmental sustainability, and supporting sports and cultural activities.

Is CSR Mandatory for Indian Companies? Yes, CSR is mandatory for companies that meet specific criteria. Companies not complying with CSR guidelines may face legal action or penalties.


Corporate Social Responsibility has become a crucial aspect of corporate governance in India. The mandatory CSR guidelines have been enacted to ensure companies play a role in promoting social welfare and sustainable development. Companies that meet the criteria must set up a CSR committee, formulate a CSR policy, and comply with the guidelines outlined in the Companies Act. Through CSR activities, companies can contribute to the growth and development of society, promote sustainable development, and meet their legal obligations.

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