Agriculture is one of the most significant sectors in India and plays a crucial role in the country's economy and food security. Despite its significance, the sector has been facing several challenges such as water scarcity, poor irrigation infrastructure, and low crop yields. To address these challenges, the Indian government launched the Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY) in 2015.
The PMKSY is a central government scheme aimed at providing end-to-end solutions for water management in agriculture. The main objective of the scheme is to provide adequate and assured irrigation to farmers and increase the crop yield and productivity. The scheme aims to achieve this through a combination of measures such as:
Accelerated Irrigation Benefit Program (AIBP) - focuses on completing ongoing major and medium irrigation projects across the country.
Har Khet Ko Pani (HKP) - aims to provide micro-irrigation systems to every field and improve water use efficiency.
Per Drop More Crop (PDMC) - focuses on improving the water use efficiency of existing irrigation systems through the adoption of new technologies.
Under the PMKSY, farmers can avail financial assistance from the government for the installation of irrigation systems such as drip irrigation, sprinkler irrigation, and rainwater harvesting systems. The scheme also provides support for the development of water storage structures and the construction of canal-based irrigation systems.
The PMKSY has had a significant impact on Indian agriculture since its launch. The scheme has helped farmers increase their crop yields and improve their livelihoods by providing them with access to water for irrigation. In addition, the scheme has also created employment opportunities in rural areas by encouraging the development of small-scale irrigation systems.
In conclusion, the Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY) is a critical initiative that has greatly benefited farmers in India. The scheme has helped farmers overcome the challenges posed by water scarcity and has enabled them to increase their crop yields and improve their livelihoods. The Indian government's commitment to supporting the agriculture sector is commendable, and the PMKSY has had a positive impact on the lives of many farmers in the country.